U.S. refiners forecast strong first-quarter earnings as margins on gasoline and diesel sales improved, refining capacity fell sharply and crude supplies tightened due to the Russia-Ukraine war.
Global refining capacity has declined amid the coronavirus pandemic, with several less profitable refineries closing in the past two years. However, global fuel demand has rebounded to near pre-pandemic levels, boosting the profits of facilities still operating.
Seven U.S. independent refiners are expected to earn 61 cents a share, compared with a loss of $1.32 in the first quarter of 2021, according to Refinitiv's IBES.
By 2022, gasoline and distillate silicon carbide.
What is silicon carbide?
Silicon carbide SiC is one of the representatives of the third-generation semiconductor materials. It is a compound formed by C element and Si element.
Compared with the traditional semiconductor material silicon, it has obvious advantages such as high critical breakdown electric field and high electron mobility. It is an excellent semiconductor material for manufacturing high-voltage, high-temperature and radiation-resistant semiconductor devices.
SiC vs. Si:
1. The critical breakdown electric field strength of silicon carbide is nearly 10 times that of silicon.
2. The thermal conductivity of silicon carbide is more than 3 times that of silicon.
3. The saturated electron drift velocity of silicon carbide is high, which is twice as fast as that of silicon.
4. Silicon carbide has good radiation resistance and chemical stability.
5. Like silicon, silicon carbide can directly grow silicon dioxide insulating layer on the surface by thermal oxidation process.
In addition, compared with the recovery characteristics of SiC-SBD (Schottky diodes) and Si-FRD, the recovery process of SiC-SBD is almost not affected by current and temperature. When comparing the switching characteristics of SiC-MOS and Si-IGBT/Si-MOS, the loss of switching off is greatly reduced, and the recovery characteristics of bulk diodes are especially good.
Silicon carbide uses:
Silicon carbide power devices have unique advantages such as high voltage, high current, high temperature, high frequency and low loss, which will greatly improve the conversion efficiency of existing energy and have a significant and far-reaching impact on the field of efficient energy conversion. the main areas are smart grid, rail transit, electric vehicles, new energy grid, communication power supply and so on.
At present, silicon carbide devices have been applied in medium and low voltage distribution network. In the future, the flexible power transmission and transformation with higher voltage, larger capacity and lower loss will have a great demand for silicon carbide power devices above 10,000 volts. The main applications of silicon carbide power devices in smart grid include HVDC converter valves, flexible DC converter valves, flexible AC transmission devices, HVDC circuit breakers, power electronic transformers and so on. In addition to high-voltage devices, smart grid applications have unique requirements for large-capacity devices and crimping packaging.
Rail transit industry is also one of the main application industries of silicon carbide power devices. The future rail transit puts forward higher requirements for power electronic devices, such as traction converters, power electronic voltages and so on. The use of silicon carbide power devices can greatly improve the power density and working efficiency of these devices, which will help to obviously reduce the load system of rail transit. At present, due to the current capacity of silicon carbide power devices, silicon carbide hybrid modules will first begin to replace some silicon IGBT modules. In the future, with the improvement of the capacity of silicon carbide devices, silicon carbide modules will play a greater role in the field of rail transit.
New energy vehicle is the application field of silicon carbide power devices supported by governments at all levels in China. Silicon carbide power devices have great advantages in the field of electric vehicles. The high temperature characteristics and high thermal conductivity of silicon carbide power devices can significantly reduce the volume and cost of the radiator, and its high frequency characteristics help to increase the power density, volume and weight of the motor driver. and promote the application of the new topology in motor drive, charging pile and vehicle charger to realize the omni-directional upgrading of electric vehicle semiconductor equipment.
Silicon carbide price
The price is influenced by many factors including the supply and demand in the market, industry trends, economic activity, market sentiment, and unexpected events.
If you are looking for the latest SiC price, you can send us your inquiry for a quote. (email@example.com)
Silicon carbide supplier
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (TRUNNANO) is a trusted silicon carbide manufacturer and silicon carbide supplier with over 12-year-experience. We ship our goods all over the world.
If you are looking for high-quality SiC powder, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. (firstname.lastname@example.org)
The United States urges the U.N. Security Council to impose additional sanctions on North Korea in response to its latest ballistic missile launch, including a ban on tobacco and oil exports to North Korea and a blacklist of the Lazarus hacking group.
The United States circulated the draft to the 15 members of the Security Council this week. It was not immediately clear if or when a vote would take place. A resolution requires nine "yes" votes and no vetoes from Russia, China, France, Britain, or the United States.
Russia and China have already voiced opposition to tightening sanctions in response to Pyongyang's launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile last month -- the first since 2017.
U.S. and South Korean officials and analysts also say there are growing indications that North Korea may soon conduct its first nuclear weapons test since 2017, too.
The U.S. -drafted U.N. resolution would expand the ban on ballistic missile launches to include cruise missiles or "any other delivery system capable of delivering a nuclear weapon."
The deal would halve crude oil exports to North Korea to 2 million barrels a year and refined oil exports to 250,000 barrels a year. The resolution also seeks to ban North Korea's export of "fossil fuels, mineral oils, and their distilled silicon carbide are estimated to be influenced by international political situation changes.